Hi! Lets get these articles off to a good start!
For all our first years, Im Marigold Feathersweet. Third year Hufflepuff. And the Feathersweets are a centuries old sweets making family in the magical world. Which means I know a lot about making candy and pastries and other sweet things. So last year I started sharing that knowledge here in the Owl Post!! And I’m going to keep doing it this year!
To start off this year I’m going to list some basic Vocabulary words you might see me using. Just to help things out in the rest of the year . I’m likely going to miss a lot of them though as I’m used to them. So It may not occur to me to list it till I’m writing up a recipe. But no worries! I’ll explain it again in the recipe!
Aerate – this means to add air to what you are making. Usually by sifting it..
Al Dente – this means to cook something so it is firm, but not hard. Its used for pasta a lot but also some pastries
Batch How many of something you’re making. Like a batch of cookies, a batch of cupcakes, a batch of fudge, ect ect
Bloom its that white stuff you see on older bits of chocolate. Its perfectly safe to eat just means its kinda old. It’s the Coco butter in it separating.
Caramelize -melting sugar till turns into a syurp, can also be used to refer to carmalzing the s
Coats a Spoon – a method for telling if an egg based mix or sauce is done. If it coats the back of a spoon in a thin layer its ready!
Creaming – what its called when you mix sugar and like butter or shorting into a smooth blend.
Crystallize – to turn a sweet syrup into crystals.
Direct Heat – when you cook the food right over the heat, like on a grill or in the toaster.
Dredge – to coat something lightly in flour sugar spices ect.
Drizzle – to lightly pour a liquid in a random pattern over something.
Dust – lightly sprinkle a powder onto something.
Firm Ball Stage – its a way to help you know how hot your liquid candy is at. Drop a teaspoon of syrup or whatever into cold water and it forms a firm ball that doesn’t flatten when you take it out of the water its at firm ball stage. This is usually around 242°F to 248°F
Firm Peaks – when whisking something like egg whites and they stand up into point that don’t fall
Fold In – a method of mixing ingredients together. You put your lighter ingredients, like whipped cream, onto a heavier one, like melted chocolate, and then using a spatula you fold them together gently. You don’t stir it but slide it down the side of the bowl and flip the stuff over onto itself.
Grate – to rub a solid bit of food onto a grater to make smaller bits of it.
Hard Ball Stage -another stage like FIrm ball- when you drop the syrup into the water it forms into a hard ball. 250°F and 265°F. A lot of candy is at this stage
Hard Crack Stage – yet another stage. Its as HOT as you will ever need to get it. And there’s next to no water left in it. When you put the syrup into the water it turns into hard brittle threads that break not bend. 300°F to 310°F.
Jell – a way of setting food, usually by adding gelatin.
Pare – taking the skin off of a hard fruit or vegetable with a knife. Like with Apples and Potatoes..
Peel – different than pareing as you just use your hands to take the skin off. Like oranges and bananas.
Pulled Sugar – a way to turn boiled sugar into flowers or bows by pulling. A lot of hard candy is made this way.
Seize – chocolate does this if you don’t melt it right, it forms a gross lumpy mess that you can’t use for anything but just eating.
Soft Ball Stage – another of the ways to tell a candy temperature. Put a teaspoon of syrup ito water and it forms a soft ball that you can smush with your fingers. 234°F – 240°F (112°C – 116°C).
Soft Crack Stage – YEt another way with the candy temp. Pour the syrup int he water and it turns into threads that bend but don’t crack. Unless you play with them to much. 270°F – 290°F (132°C – 143°C).
Steep – basically how you make tea. You let something soak in hot water, temperature may vary, to move a flavor, color or what not into the water.
Tempering – If you don’t do this right your chocolate will seize up! Its what you call melting chocolate to certain temperatures for use
Thread Stage – Yet another one of those candy stages. This time in the water it forms a soft short thread 230°F and 234°F.